Sivayogi Mudigonda Nagalinga Sastry 1876-1948 AD
Author of more than 100 books on Srouta Saiva Siddhanta and allied subjects

 

Sri Mudigonda Nagalinga Sastry garu (1876-1948 AD) was the great exponent of the Srouta Sivadwaita philosophy in the 20th century. He was born in AD 1876 in Dhata Nama Samvatsara, Chaitra Suddha Navami, Monday in Tatikonda village, 8 Kms from Guntur, near the river Krishna in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh. His parents are Aghoranaradhya, son of Nagalingaradhya and Jwalamba, sister of Mukti Lingaradhya of Etamukkala village in Krishna District belonging to Mulugu Vemanaradhya Vamsam. Nagalinga Sastry is the second son, the first son being Naga Mallikharjunaradhya and third son Ramaling Sastry, who were all scholars in Vedas, Agama Sastras, Tarka, Mimamsa, Vyakarana, Ayurveda and Jyothisha Sastras and well verse in installing Siva Lingas in Temples, his sister's name is Mallikamba. He had his education for sometime under his uncle Sri Mallampalli Veeresalingaradhya of Pamidimukkala village of Krishna District. He left for Srikalahasti at the age of 15 and read Paanini Vyakaranam under Srinivas Sastrygal, respected by Sanskrit scholars in those days as Apara Patanjali. At the age of 19, he went to Nadukkaveri in Tamilnadu and read Tarka, Mimamsa, Nilakanta, Sankara, Ramanuja and Madhwa Bhashyams under Srinivas Sastrygal, sage and a great Saivite scholar well versed in Appayya Dikshitar and Nilakanta's Saiva philosophy. He was considered as authority in those days in Sanskrit Pada, Vakya Pramanams and author of severl authoritative texts on Saiva Siddhanta in Sanskrit and Tamil and editor of Brahma Vidya Patrika. Sri Nagalinga Sastry garu, discussed in detail with his guru the three Bhashyams cited above andall the twenty eight Saivagamas and won laurels from him. At that age only, he wrote a book in Sanskrit called Raksha Rudraksha Chandra Martandam, eulogizing the greatness and power of Rudraks and its wearing on one's body in Nagaralipi i.e. Tamili script and dedicated the book to his guru, who agreed with him that the Agama Sastras are equal to Vedas in all respects but notlower and should be respected and followed by all Sistas or scholars. It is stated that Sri Srinivasa Sastrygal gave him the Nilakanta Bhashyam available with hin on Palm leaves, exhorting him that it is the oldestand most authentic Bhashyam on Saiva Siddhanta followed by all from times immemorial and that it is upto him to propagate the Bhashyam by writing a suitable commentary thereon.

He started printing, publishing and distribution of the magazine called "Srouta Saiva Prakasica" in Telugu and Sanskrit, projecting the Saiva Siddhanta stated in the Vedas and translated Appayya Dikshitar's books on Saiva Siddhanta like (i) Brahma Tarkasthawam, and (ii) Bharata, (iii) Ramayana, (iv) Chaturveda Tatparya sangrahams, (v) Siva Karnamrutam and (vi) Pancharatnastuthi, by writing a detailed commentary on them in Sanskrit, explaining the meanings in Telugu. He wrote during this period five books in Sanskrit with Telugu and Sanskrit commentaries. They are - (1) Saiva Siddhanta Sangraha, (2) Siva Aeva Karanam, (3) Sroutamevahi Saiva Chihnavi, (4) Sroutamevahi Dharanam, Lingasya, and (5) Sista Sarveh Sivam Prapannah. All these books were printed in Srouta Saiva prakasika between 1900-1903. From 1904 till 1916, besides propagating and writing various books on Saiva Siddhanta, visited various places and taken part in Saiva Siddhanta and Bhashya discussions clearing doubts. All the above five books are now translated into English and printed and published by Siva Jnana Lahari (Regd.).

During the period from 1916 till his death in 1948, he printed, published and distributed Magazines on Saiva Siddhanta from Tenali under the names of "Saiva Rahasya Bodhini"- 1928-31 and "Jnana Vahini"- 1933 and projected in detail the greatness of Siva and Saiva Siddhanta, stated in the Vedas emphasising that it is the oldest religion of the world. He wrote extensively on the Vedic authority for Sivalinga puja, and on various customs followed by Saivites including Anthyesti or ceremonies performed for the departed souls and clearing the doubts raised as regards the customs followed by Saivites, like Bhasma Dharana, Rudraksha Dharana and Linga Dharana even at the time of "Asowchams" in their families. He discussed at length, the religious concepts contained in the Dwaita, Adwaita and Visista Adwaita philosophies and established authoritatively that the ways followed by the Dwaita and Adwaita philosophers would lead the Mumukshu or seeker of salvation nowhere and pointed out the inconsistencies in the commentaries written by those Mathacharyas and the meanings ascribed by them to the "Veda mantrams" and Vyasa Sutrams as not correct and not adhering to the Vedas and sent his works to Sanskrit scholars throughout India and abroad. None of them contradicted his writings.

He wrote more than hundred books mostly on Saiva Siddhanta establishing the Visista Adwaitam or Sivadwaitam stated by Nilakantacharya in his Bhashyam called Nilakanta Bhashyam, said to be the oldest and in vogue much earlier to Sankara and Ramanuja Bhashyams. The great Saivite scholars of south, Appayya Dikshitar and Halasyanatha Sastry have agreed that Nilakanta Bhashyam is the earliest and most authentic on Saiva Siddhanta in explaining the Vedamantrams and Vyasa sutrams correctly. Sri Nagalinga Sastry garu wrote commentary to Nilakanta Bhashyam under the title "Siva Chintamani Prabha", following Appayya Dikshitar's "Sivarka Mani Deepika", during 1930s in Sanskrit, covering all the 545 Brahma Sutrams stated by Veda Vyasa. This book was printed after his death and published by his student Sri Mudigonda Veeresalinga Sastry garu in the year 1950. This Sanskrit Bhashyam is now under print in Telugu, Kannada, Tamil and Malayalam, it is hoped that this Sanskrit Nilakanta Bhashyam is also translated into English, so that the seekers of truth, the world over can know the "Tatwatriams" i.e. Jeeva, Jagat and Eeswara in their true perspective.

The achievements of Sri Nagalinga Sastry garu are many, which may be read in the Biography printed in the books brought out by Siva Jnana Lahari(Regd.).

In 1937 on completion of sixty years, he was honoured by the people of Vijayawada at the Saiva Mahapeetham premises, opposite the present Durga Kalamandir Talkies at Vijayawada and performed Shashtyabdhi Poorthi Mahotsavam.

Between 1930 till he passed away in 1948, Sri Nagalinga Sastry garu wrote many more articles and commentaries on Saiva Siddhanta, which have got to be printed in book form. The Saiva Pracharini Grandhamala, Warangal under the stewardship of Sri Mudigonda Veeresalinga Sastry garu printed around 1929, some of them which includes "Dharma Sangraha" containing - (i) Aahnika Kanda running into nearly 400 pages in Sanskrit with the meanings in Telugu, besides (ii) Varnasrama Dharma Kanda, (iii) Anthyesti Kanda and (iv) Asoucha Kanda. The other two i.e. (v) Prayaschitta Kanda and (vi) Dhyana Yoga Kanda appear to have not been printed. Sri Nagalinga Sastry garu during this period wrote a detailed commentary covering all the 545 Brahma Sutrams, following the Srouta Saiva Siddhanta Stapaka, Jagadguru Nilakanta Bhagawatpada Saiva Bhashyam.

Sri Nagalinga Sastri garu propagated Saiva Siddhanta till his last breath. The great Saivite scholar Kasinadhuni Veeresalingam Ayyavaru of Machilipatnam paid glowing tributes to him, in a Champakamala poem in these words.

" He was a learned man with whom, one can discuss the sastras, to one's satisfaction, imbibed with all good qualities, a great poet, one who understood the essence of the vedas, one who worshipped Siva with great Devotion, a great commentator of the Veda Vagmayam without compromise or contradiction. May he alone bear this Bharatiya samskruti like the thousand hooded serpent king Sesha, bearing the weight of this entire universe and inspire the younger generations, on Indian values for years to come"

LIST OF BOOKS WRITTEN BY THE AUTHOR IN SANSKRIT

1. Nilakanta Bhashyam called as Siva Chintamani Prabha Vyakhyanam

(This is a commentary on Nilakanta Bhashyam containing all the 545 Brahma Sutrams stating briefly -

i) The Yadardha Swaroopam or the factual state of Jeeva and Eswara

ii) This Jagat or this universe is as much real and existing as God Himself and not "Midhya".

iii) The celestial Gods Vishnu, Brahma, Indra, Vayu, Agni and Jeevatma or not the root cause of this Universe or Jagat Karanam.

iv) The root cause of this Universe is Brahman that is Siva only. The words Brahman and Siva are synonyms.

v) Dismissing the Anucaranavadam, Kshanikavadam, Nimitha Karanavadam, Pasupatam, Jeevothpathivadam, Pancharatram, Pradanakaranam as against what is stated in the Vedas.

vi) Explaining all Upanishads in unison and without contradiction stating that all of them are eulogising Siva only.

vii) Dismissing the Soonyavadam and Nirgunavadam as Avaidikam.

viii) The greatness of Siva, Siva Lingarchana that is taking Saiva Deeksha or Sambhava Deeksha or Pasupatha Vratam or Pasupatha Deeksha or Sirovratam and performing Ishta, Prana, Bhava Lingaradhana with Bahir Lingaradhana will confer Siva Sayujyam.

2. Brahma Patham

3. Vyasa Patham

4. Sivadwaita Pada Vidhi

5. Kevaladwaita Pratishedam

6. Vaishnava Patha Pratishedham

7. Vedantardha Parishkara Taraharam

8. Raksha Rudraksha Chandra Marthandam in Nagara Lipi - This book explains the greatness of Rudraksha.

9. Neelakantaradhya Stotram

10. Neelakanta Vijayam

11. Bhagavadgeeta Bhashyam following Nilakantaradhya's commentary

 

LIST OF BOOKS WRITTEN IN SASNSKRIT WITH COMMENTARY IN TELUGU

1. Saiva Siddhanta Sangraha -- Saiva Siddhanta in brief

2. Siva Aeva Karanam -- Siva is the root cause of this Universe.

3. Sroutamevahi Dharanam Lingasya -- The wearing of the Linga on the body of a person is as ordained by the Vedas.

4. Sroutanyeva Saiva Chihnani -- Bhasma, Rudraksha, Snakes, Panchakshari

and Bilwa Pitra are all Siva Swaroopams and are Vaidikam.

5. Sistah Ssarvey Sivam Prapannah -- All scholars worship Siva only surrendering absolutely.

6. Vidhyasthana Vinirnayam -- Authoritative texts on Hinduism.

All the above 6 books were translated into English and published by Siva Jnana Lahari (Regd.) separately.

7. Brahma Tarkasthavam -- Commentary on Appayya Deekshitar books.

8. Siva Karnamrutham -- : do :

9. Pancharatna Stuti -- : do :

10. Chaturveda Tatparya Sangraha -- : do :

11. Ramayana Tatparya Sangraha -- : do :

12. Bharata Tatparya Sangraha -- : do :

13. Jnana Vasistham -- commentary on Vasista's teachings to Sri Rama.

14. Ahnika Kanda

15. Varnasrama Dharma Kanda

16. Prayaschitta Kanda

17. Dhyanayoga Kanda

18. Asoucha Kanda

19. Antyesti Kanda

20. Aahnika Vidhi

21. Aaradhana Vidhi

22. Karanottara Sivagamam -- commentary

23. Makutottara Sivagamam -- commentary

24. Chandrajnana Sivagamam -- commentary

25. Sarva Vedanta Siddhanta Sara Sangraham -- A commentary on Sankaracharya's work in Sanskrit.

26. Aryadharma Pratyaksha Phalabodhini -- A discussion on Hindu Dharmas to be followed by a householder.

27. Neelakanta Bhashya Charcha

28. Maha Siva Pooja Vidhi -- On how to pray Siva

29. Laghu Siva Pooja Vidhi

30. Saiva Ganarchana

31. Brahmasutra Chaturmatardha Prakasika -- The four Maha vakyams in Brahmasutras (1)Adhato Brahma Jijnasa, (2)Janmadi Asya Yataha, (3)Sastra Yonitwat, (4)Tattu Samanvayat, are commented upon through Neelakantha Bhashyam, Sankara Bhashyam, Ramanuja Bhashyam and Madhwa Bhashyam for the benefit of the readers.

32. Lingadharana Sarvaswam -- All about greatness of wearing Linga

33. Saiva Siddhanta Deepika -- : do :

LIST OF BOOKS WRITTEN BY THE AUTHOR IN TELUGU ON SAIVA SIDDHANTA AND ALLIED SUBJECTS

1. Mata Vinoda Charcha - an entertaining discussion between Saiva Vishnava and Adwaita philosophers on the respective Siddhantas.

2. Kali Vilambanam

3. Varnasramodharanam

4. Tatwopadesam

5. Saubhagya Lakshmi

6. Gomahatmayam

7. Kali Samrambhavranam

8. Sri Kantha Bhashya Samskaranam

9. Darukavana Viharam

10. Kadambari (B.A. Text book)

11. Navarasa Kadambari

12. Nala Vilapam

13. Nala Vilasam

14. Vidura Mahaneeti

15. Saivasutra Bhashyanubandham

16. Basavapurana Peethika Vimarsanam

17. Basavesvara Bhushanam

18. Praudha Vivaha Nirasanam

19. Subhshita Manikantha Haram

20. Ayurveda Upanyasam

21. Anjaneya Swaroopa Nirnayam

22. Ramayana Tatparya Sangraha. Duhitru, Dauhitra Vishayaka Sradhadhikara Parishkaram

23. Sivotkarsha Varshini

24. Appayya Deekshita Charitra

25. Hindumata Prasastyam

26. Neelakantha Bhashya Pracheenata } These 5 books are translated

27. Mokshaswaroopa Nirnayam } into English and published

28. Saivadeeksha Swaroopa Mahaprabhavamulu} under the title "The greatness

29. Saiva Sidhdantam } and antiquity of Neelakantha

30. Saiva Mahamatam } Bhashyam and Saiva Maha

31. Saiva Sutra Bhashya Charcha } Deeksha Swaroopam",
by Siva
Jnana Lahari (regd.)

32. Shatkala Siva Pooja

33. Kala Sanjeevani

34. Sangha Samskara Charcha

35. Matam - Dani Prayojanam

36. Samasya Vicchedini

37. Saiva Sidhdanta Sodhanam

38. Atma Nirnayam

There are some more books and articles writen by the author clearing various doubts or "Dharma Sandehalu" raised by the readers and printed serially in the monthly magazines run by him on Saiva Siddhanta till his death in 1948. Efforts are on to bring them into book form.


"Hinduism is a way of life, a life in which one can reach God identified as Siva, the Ultimate Reality, Eswara, the Brahman, eulogised in Vedas and Upanishads as such and on which lies the greatness of India i.e. Bharata Khandam for generations to come."
(Let all people, the world over live in peace and happiness, rolling in wealth with full of piety and compassion towards fellow beings is the motto of this great Hindu way of life)

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